How To File A Divorce In India

Divorce is a legal procedure that dissolves a marriage, allowing individuals to part ways and start anew. In India, the process of filing for divorce involves specific steps and considerations based on the grounds and circumstances surrounding the marriage. So, if you want to know how to file a divorce in India, you need to follow the right procedure. 

To begin with, identifying the grounds for divorce is essential. These grounds can range from adultery and cruelty to abandonment or mental disorder, among others. Once the grounds are established, the next step is determining the jurisdiction, which is the specific court where the divorce petition should be filed.

Engaging a proficient lawyer specializing in family law is highly recommended. This legal expert will help draft the divorce petition, outlining the details of the marriage and the relief sought. 

After filing the petition in the appropriate family court, the process moves forward with court hearings, where both parties have the opportunity to present their case. Read this blog to learn about the steps to file divorce in India in detail. 

How To File A Divorce In India: A Look At The Steps 

Navigating the complexities of divorce requires clarity and legal guidance. So, in order to help you out, we have divided the process into simple steps. Here are the pointers to help you understand how to file for a divorce in India: 

1. Grounds for Divorce

The first step in filing for divorce is determining the grounds on which you are seeking the dissolution of your marriage. In India, divorce can be sought under various grounds, including:

  • Adultery: If one spouse engages in a sexual relationship outside of marriage.
  • Cruelty: When one spouse treats the other with physical or mental cruelty.
  • Desertion: If one spouse abandons the other for a continuous period of two years or more.
  • Conversion: If one spouse converts to another religion.
  • Mental Disorder: If one spouse suffers from a mental disorder that makes marriage impossible.
  • Incurable Disease: If one spouse suffers from an incurable disease that is communicable.
  • Renunciation: If one spouse renounces worldly life.
  • No Resumption of Cohabitation: If the parties have not resumed cohabitation for one year or more after a decree of judicial separation.

2. Jurisdiction

Before filing for divorce, ensure that the court you approach has the jurisdiction to hear your case. The jurisdiction is typically determined based on where the marriage took place, where the parties last resided together, or where the respondent currently resides.

3. Hiring a Lawyer

It’s advisable to hire a competent lawyer specializing in family law to guide you through the divorce proceedings. A skilled attorney can assist in preparing the necessary documents and representing you in court.

4. Drafting the Petition

The next step is drafting the divorce petition, which outlines the details of the marriage, the grounds for divorce, and the relief sought. The petition should be concise and include relevant facts and evidence supporting your case.

5. Filing the Petition

Once the petition is prepared, it needs to be filed in the appropriate family court. The court will assign a case number and a date for the first hearing.

6. Mediation

In many cases, courts in India encourage mediation between the parties to explore the possibility of reconciliation before proceeding with the divorce.

7. Court Proceedings

During the court hearings, both parties will have the opportunity to present their case and provide evidence supporting their claims. The court may also consider factors such as custody of children, alimony, and division of assets.

8. Decree of Divorce

If the court is satisfied with the grounds presented and there is no possibility of reconciliation, it will grant a decree of divorce. The decree formalizes the termination of the marriage.

9. Appeal

Either party can appeal against the court’s decision if they are dissatisfied with the judgment. The appeal process involves presenting arguments before a higher court.

Final Words 

Filing for divorce in India involves navigating through legal procedures that can vary based on individual circumstances. It’s essential to approach the process with clarity and seek the necessary legal guidance to ensure your rights and interests are protected. 

We hope that you have understood how to file a divorce in India. While divorce can be emotionally challenging, understanding the legal framework can make the process smoother and more manageable. This is why it’s important to get in touch with the best law firm in Kolkata. At Kshetry and Associates, we offer the best legal services in Kolkata. 

To Top

As per the rules of the Bar Council of India, we are not permitted to solicit work and advertise. By clicking on the “I AGREE” button below, you acknowledge the following:

If you have any legal issues, you, in all cases, must seek independent legal advice.

We use cookies to enhance your experience. By continuing to visit this website you agree to our use of cookies.